Dyslexia is a language disorder that affects many people. It entails being unable to break down a word into its constituent sounds, as well as thinking or writing about the sounds in a word.

Dyslexia has nothing to do with intelligence. Dyslexic children process language in a unique way. They have difficulty turning language into thought (when listening or reading) as well as thought into words (in writing or speaking). According to the National Institutes of Health, dyslexia affects 5–10% of the population in the United States, with estimates as high as 17%.

Dyslexic children may also struggle with attention, organization, and executive function (e.g., starting and finishing homework assignments, maintaining focus on tasks, keeping track of supplies and materials), left/right confusion, time and space concepts, math (memorizing math facts and reading/understanding word problems), handwriting, learning foreign languages or English as a second language, and social skills (making or keeping friends). Children with dyslexia frequently encounter difficulty with spelling and writing, which are referred to as dysgraphia. Even though dyslexia and dysgraphia usually coexist, issues with spelling and writing can arise even when reading skills are intact.

Adult literacy issues might arise if dyslexia is not recognised or treated in the early stages. Early detection of dyslexia can help your child obtain the treatment he or she needs to attain their greatest potential.